Kalotermitidae Drywood & Dampwood Termites
Kalotermitidae Drywood Termite Worker on Wood:
The Kalotermitidae family of termites is part of the Isoptera order, which is the classification for all termites.
The Kalotermitidae family includes all drywood termites and some dampwood termites, including Calcaritermes, Cryptotermes, Glyptotermes, Incisitermes, Kalotermes, Marginitermes, Neotermes, Paraneotermes, Procryptotermes and Pterotermes termites.
Drywood termites and most dampwood termites do not require soil contact to survive. Different species of drywood and dampwood termites have different temperature and moisture requirements. Generally speaking, these termites inhabit and eat various types of dead wood. The termites with lower moisture requirements are more likely to infest and damage houses.
Kalotermitidae termites are found in southern and western states. Dampwood termites are located in Florida and along the Pacific Coast. Drywood termites, including the species commonly called powderpost termites, are located mostly in the South and Texas.
Kalotermitidae termites are considered “lower termites.” These primitive termites have both bacteria and protozoa in their guts to help them digest cellulose.
“Higher termites” are more developed and have only bacteria in their guts. Higher termites in the U.S. belong to the Hodotermitidae, Rhinotermitidae and Termitidae families. These families include all subterranean and some dampwood termites.
The lifecycles of higher and lower termites differ slightly. Lower termites have pseudergates, or “false workers.” Pseudergates are nymphs that play the role of workers but still have the ability to molt into a reproductive form. In the higher termite families, worker termites cannot molt to become reproductives.