Scientific Name: Paraneotermes simplicicornis
The desert dampwood termite is classified as part of the Kalotermitidae family, which includes some dampwood and all drywood termites.
Surprisingly, this desert termite – which is found mainly in arid climates – prefers to eat damp wood. It targets wood that is below ground, including shrub or tree roots, fence posts and door frames. This termite even feeds on live trees, which have moisture content in the form of sap.
Desert dampwood termite colonies are small. There are usually less than 1,500 termites in each colony.
Do Desert Dampwood Termites Damage Homes?
The desert dampwood termite is rarely found in homes. However, it can cause damage to homes when it finds wet wood, which is typically associated with a leak or improper grading around a home’s foundation.
What Do Desert Dampwood Termites Look Like
Desert dampwood termite soldiers are brown or yellow in color and range from 5/16 inch to 7/16 inch long.
Nymphs have spotted abdomens.
Kings, queens and alates are dark brown and have dark-colored wings.
When Do Desert Dampwood Termites Swarm?
The desert dampwood termite swarms from late May through October.