Distribution in the U.S.
The arid-land subterranean termite is located in sunny, dry areas from the Pacific Coast to Indiana, and from lower California to Texas and Mississippi. Some experts consider arid-land subterranean termites the most “habitat-diverse” termites in the U.S.
The arid-land subterranean termite requires soil contact for moisture. It attacks a variety of wooden structures, including untreated posts and utility poles. This termite also may damage plants’ root systems.
Do Arid-Land Subterranean Termites Damage Homes?
Arid-land termites can damage homes and businesses, but these infestations are rare. This species tends to favor areas with open, sunny, drier conditions, which typically are not as densely populated with homes.
When arid-land termites infest buildings, colonies usually focus on areas that are damaged by water. Since most homes have dry, structurally sound timbers, this termite is not considered a major structural pest.
What Do Arid-Land Subterranean Termites Look Like?
Arid-land termite alates are approximately 1/4 inch long, with dark brown or black bodies and translucent wings.
Soldiers are 3/8 inch long and have broad, dark-colored heads.
When Do Arid-Land Subterranean Termites Swarm?
Typically, arid-land subterranean termites swarm in the spring or fall. However, at locations above 4,000 feet elevation in Arizona, these termites swarm in the summer. Arid-land termites are daytime swarmers.